The first step in the EBP process is to ask a searchable, answerable clinical question. PICO is a standardized format that creates a well-defined question and it stands for:
Carefully formulating the question achieves the following:
Adapted from: Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
In_______________, what is the effect of ________________on _______________ compared with _________________?
Are ______________ who have _______________ at ______________ risk for/of ____________ compared with _____________ with/without ______________?
Are (Is) ________________ more accurate in diagnosing _______________ compared with ____________?
For ___________ does the use of _________________ reduce the future risk of ____________ compared with ______________?
Does ____________ influence ______________ in patients who have _____________?
How do _______________ diagnosed with _______________ perceive __________________?